Monday, February 24, 2020
Macroeconomics Theory - Term Paper Example Foreign exchange rate is the price of one currency in terms of another currency. BOP has direct relation with the foreign exchange market as the spending of the consumer depends on the value of currency in other countries. Under the free-floating currency regime (McGregor) the balance of payment depends highly on the forces of supply and demand. In this free-floating regime, the price of the currency automatically adjusts according to the requirement which equals the supply and demand of the currency. This shows that in this market conditions, price automatically is in equilibrium in the balance of payment. There is no intervention by the government due to which the outcomes are automatically achieved by counteracting between both the current account and the capital account. This market is also termed as Ã¢â¬Å"self-correcting marketÃ¢â¬ which fluctuates continuously based on the changing market conditions. Under the fixed-rate currency regime (Bized), intervention by the governme nt is mostly seen to regulate the exchange rate. The price in this exchange rate is not automatically adjustable as compared to the floating exchange rate. The government has to intervene to adjust the value of foreign currency to the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s currency. ... It is an essential tool to analyze the macro-economic policy. The relation between the unemployment and income is that falling unemployment might give rise to inflation and on the other hand rising unemployment would lead to fall in the inflation. To reduce the unemployment rate, average demand must be increased which would increase the employment for short-period (Baumol and Blinder). Supposing that the economy is stable at Y. Increase in the government spending will shift the AD curve from AD to AD1 which would lead to the increase in income and reduction in the unemployment in the short term. The outward shift of the AD curve to AD1 takes the equilibrium to Y1 which creates a positive gap which is thought as the cause of rise in inflation. Due to such shift the price changes from P to P1 but due to the inward shift of the AS curve the price again shifts from P1 to P2 which shows increase of the P but the shift brought back the equilibrium at Y at P2. The major reason for the rejec tion of Keynesian theory was the weakness regarding the stagflation in 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s. Keynesian theory was focused on increasing the government spending when the unemployment was high and when the inflation becomes a problem the government should reduce its spending. This shows that Keynesian theory was addressed to stabilize the economy through government creating cash flows (Dornbusch, Fischer, and Startz). After the rejection of Keynesian theory regarding stagflation, New classical became the new standard. The reason behind the selection of New Classical theory as a standard was the price system which efficiently adjusted the supply and demand in all market. This theory was focused on simple basis that the equilibrium point is achieved when the quantity supplied
Saturday, February 8, 2020
Tragedy of Mariam - Essay Example Today many wives always want to have same position with their husband, so that they always have conflict with each other. Why they always have conflict? There are number of answers for this question, but it very difficult for us to come on a final conclusion. When we look towards sixteenth century's society or even before that time it is seen wife and husband lived together very well. They had lesser conflicts. Many wives would obey their husband when their husbands order them to do everything. What different images of the wife between sixteenth centuries and today? In most societies during the twentieth Century, new ways of analyzing traditional gender roles have begun to evolve out of a variety of movements both within art and culture studies and communications. Semiotics, or the study of signs has emerged as one of the most "powerful cultural analysis tools of the twentieth CenturyÃ¢â¬ . Semiotics has been used to document and support traditional gender roles within a variety of cultures. The signs of Husband and Wife respectively, have undergone huge ideological shifts in some parts of the world, however within American society they still often used to represent a system of values and a distribution of power that have remained relatively unchanged despite recent eras of social progress. This is illustrated fairly well in the movie "Amores Perros" as the terms Husband and Wife are utilized throughout the movie as signs that represent and suggest traditional values and gender roles that are still based on signified characteristics from the time of the Conquistadors.
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Deer hunting Essay Today deer hunting is one of the most popular types of hunting in South Georgia. Although there are several ways to hunt deer, the two most frequently used are rifle hunting and bow hunting. Both are a great way to spend the day hunting, but there are a few differences between the styles. The cost of rifle hunting is significantly higher due to the equipment needed. Some rifles can cost as much as two thousand dollars. With some additions to the rifle, like scopes costing just as much as the rifle itself; some rifle packages can range over five thousand dollars. Ammunition is also a high cost in rifle hunting. Boxes of ammunition can range up to twenty five dollars and can not be reused. The cost of bow hunting is lower than rifle hunting due to the low cost of the equipment. Most bows range between five hundred to a thousand dollars. The arrows for the bow can be sometimes be more costly than ammunition if a high quality arrow is purchased. However unlike the rifle ammunition, the arrows can be reused many times before they start to lose their effectiveness. The rifle hunting season does not start right when deer season actually begins. The deer are still abundant, but you are not able to hunt the first few weeks of deer season. The woods are also crowded with hunters during rifle season since more hunters rifle hunt than bow hunt. Bow hunting season starts right when deer season starts and gives you the opportunity to beat the crowds to the woods. This is a great time of the season to really enjoy the hunt without having to worry about running into another hunter. Since the big deer seem to be more prevalent during the first few weeks of the season; you may have the chance to see that big buck that you always wanted to see. Using a rife does increase your accuracy and range. With the proper scope, the rifle can have up to five times the range of a bow. However, wind speedÃ down range can affect the path of the bullet. It can sometimes be hard to discern what the wind is doing three hundred yards away from you. However since the rifle is so powerful, your aim does not have to be perfect to kill the deer. Using a bow means decreased accuracy and range. Bows do not typically come with scopes, but with open sights. This means that you rely on your eyes to line up the cross hairs versus a scope doing it for you. Wind direction and speed has an impact on arrows also. However since the range is limited, you can judge by the wind around you. This means it is easier to adjust for the wind shifting. Since a bow is less powerful the accuracy of the shot has to be near perfect to make a kill. Using a rifle during hunting also requires less skill as a hunter. Since the accuracy is so high at long ranges, stealth is not as crucial. A small understanding of the deerÃ¢â¬â¢s natural habits is needed. Since you have distance on your side you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be concerned so much over whether or not the deer can smell you or not. Rifle hunting is also considered one of the easier types of deer hunting and is used a lot by beginners. Using a bow however requires a lot more skill as a hunter. Since the accuracy and range of the bow is limited, you find you have to be extremely close to the deer to make a shot. Camouflage and stealth are critical elements in achieving this. You also have to have a fair amount of knowledge about the deer itself. Since the deer can smell you at this range you have to understand how to avoid the deer getting your scent. Bow hunting is considered a little harder and is used by seasoned hunters. Rifle hunting and bow hunting both will make your day more enjoyable no matter which one you choose. Rifle hunting will give you the assurance of knowing you can kill your first deer. However bow hunting will give you the thrill of the hunt and make you long to come back the next day to get that one you missed. After all, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why they call it hunting.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Kafka wrote "The Metamorphosis" in 1912, taking three weeks to compose the story. While he had expressed earlier satisfaction with the work, he later found it to be flawed, even calling the ending "unreadable." Whatever his own opinion may have been, the short story has become one of the most popularly read and analyzed works of twentieth-century literature. Isolation and alienation are at the heart of this surreal story of a man transformed overnight into a kind of beetle. In contrast to much of Kafka's fiction, "The Metamorphosis" has not a sense of incompleteness. It is formally structured into three Roman-numbered parts, with each section having its own climax. A number of themes run through the story, but at the center are the family relationships affected by the great change in the story's protagonist, Gregor Samsa. Grete,GregorÃ¢â¬â¢s sister, undergoes a transformation parallel to her brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s. The relationship between Gregor and his sister Grete is perhaps the most unique. It is Grete, after all, with whom the metamorphosed Gregor has any rapport, suggesting the Kafka intended to lend at least some significance to their relationship. Grete's significance is found in her changing relationship with her brother. It is Grete's changing actions, feelings, and speech toward her brother, coupled with her accession to womanhood that seems to parallel Gregor's own metamorphosis. This change represents her metamorphosis from adolescence into adulthood but at the same time it marks the final demise of Gregor. Thus, certain symmetry is to be found in "The Metamorphosis." While Gregor falls in the midst of despair, Grete ascends to a self-sufficient, sexual woman. It is Grete who initially tries conscientiously to d... ... express lost human reality better than dreams do of animal satisfactions (Thiher 44). Grete Samsa's changing actions, feelings, and speech toward her brother, coupled with her accession to womanhood, parallel Gregor's own metamorphosis. Works Cited Kafka, Franz. Ã¢â¬Å"The Metamorphosis.Ã¢â¬ Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publications, 1988. Nabokov, Vladimir. Lectures on Literature. Orlando: Harcourt Inc., 1980. Ryan, Michael P. Ã¢â¬Å"Samsa and Samsara: Suffering, Death, and Rebirth in Ã¢â¬ËThe Metamorphosis.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ The German Quarterly 72. No.2. 1999. Literature Resource Center. Gale Group Databases. Davis Schwartz Memorial Lib., Brookville, NY. 5 Dec.2006. . Thiher, Allen. Fiction Refracts Science: Modernist Writers From Proust to Borges. Columbia University of Missouri Press, 2005.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Effects of Temperature on Enzyme Biology Introduction In order to understand the activity of enzymes at different temperatures the ability of the enzyme to function can be measured. This is important in many applications such as Polymerase Chain Reaction for forensics as well as genetics research where manipulation of temperature-dependent enzymes allows for replication of DNA segments. Bennett states, Ã¢â¬Å"when the energy Ã¢â¬â measured as heat Ã¢â¬â increases in a chemical reaction the energy increases the reaction speed and reaction rate. (1969) This happens until a threshold though in many biological processes where positive energy input no longer increases reaction speed due to the inhibition of other factors Ã¢â¬â in this experiment that factor is the degradation or denaturing of the protein complex that is the enzyme working to catalyze the reaction. One would make the hypothesis that for any given enzyme there is a minimum reaction rate which increases with tempera ture then at a maximum point begins to be less and less efficient as the enzyme form no longer works to catalyze the reactions with its given substrates.Materials and Methods After obtaining five clean test tubes and labeling them in order one through five, each were marked at one centimeter and at four centimeters from the bottom with a permanent marker. Next, the potato juice/catalase extract is added to each tube to the one centimeter mark. The following portion of the experiment was in segments for each tube. Tube one was placed in an ice-bath by adding ice and water in a 250ml beaker. Tube two was placed in the tube rack on the lab bench in a room temperature environment.Tube three was placed in a water bath at 50 degrees celsius, and tube four was set in the 70 degree celsius water bath. Tube five was placed in a boiling water bath of a beaker on the hot plate while wearing goggles for protection. Each tube was then left in the conditional environment for ten minutes. The temp erature of the boiling water, room temperature, and ice bath were measured by thermometer. After the ten minutes I used the thermometer to measure the temperatures of the room, ice, and boiling water. Then, after adding water, waited 30 seconds until the foaming in the tube, stopped.The measured the amount of foam was recorded. Results After all the appropriate steps were taken, a table was created and I recorded each temperature that was in the tube and foam height as well. The temperate and the foam height were both recorded to see the resemblance and results concluding the temperature effect on enzymes. An example of my results are recreated as seen below (numbers and titles are accurate and the same as lab test) As shown in the table A, temperature and foam height is represented by different color lines on the graph. The purple line, represents temperature. The blue line represents foam height (mm).As the temperature rose, the heigh of the foam decreased. This did not support my hypothesis. My hypothesis clearly stated,Ã¢â¬ If the temperature is really high, then the foam will rise highly. 50 degrees will be have the most amount of foam. Ã¢â¬ This hypothesis was not supported because the highest amount of foam was found at 0 degrees. The enzymes reached optimum temperature, and then denaturing took place. In comparison to another lab, the same results occurred. Campbell Neil from students. cis stated, Ã¢â¬Å"The higher the concentration of substrate, the faster the reaction rate. Ã¢â¬ This made my hypothesis invalid. DiscussionAlthough my hypothesis was not correct, the lab results agree with previous literature on the effects of temperature on enzyme activity. According to Susan Gilbert, Ã¢â¬Å"Enzymes are sensitive to their environmental conditions. Up to a point, the rate of the reaction will increase as a function of temperature because the substrates will collide more frequently with the enzyme active site. At extremes of pH or temperature, e ither high or low, the native structure of the enzyme will be compromised, and the molecule will become inactiveÃ¢â¬ (2009). Enzymes are very sensitive and do the opposite of what most chemical reactions in this case.According to the Worthington Biochemical Corporation, Ã¢â¬Å"A ten degree Centigrade rise in temperature will increase the activity of most enzymes by 50 to 100%Ã¢â¬ (2012). This furthers the conclusion that when the temperature rose the foam height decreased and the reaction was less intense. Table A. Bibliography Bennett. 1969. Modern Topic in Biochemistry 43-45 Campbell, N. 2002. Biology, 6th ed. : Enzymes 300-340 Cummings. 1998. Biology in the Laboratory: Temperature and enzymes. 1-9, 10-20 Gilbert, S. 2002. Ã¢â¬Å"Enzymes. Ã¢â¬ Biology Vol. 2. 3-9 Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬â [pic]
Sunday, January 5, 2020
BEC1 STUDY GUIDE INTRODUCTION (CHAPTER 1 Ã¢â¬â MUNRO E-BOOK) Know the definition of population, sample, parameter, statistic Be able to identify and/or provide examples of descriptive statistics inferential statistics Know the properties of be able to identify or provide examples of quantitative vs. categorical variables BASIC CONCEPTS (CHAPTER 2 Ã¢â¬â MUNRO E-BOOK) Know the definition of data, individuals, variables, independent variable, dependent variable, random assignment, treatment group, and control group. Know the properties of the 4 levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) Know the properties of discrete and continuous variables Know and understand the properties that distinguish experimental methods fromÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦What is a Spearman correlation coefficient? Know the difference between Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficient. Know when to use the Spearman? What assumptions have to be met to use Pearson? What is a scatterplot? Be able to inte rpret one /or construct one Be able to identify positive negative linear relationships from a scatterplot Know the difference between linear non-linear (curvilinear) relationships Know how to compute a Pearson correlation coefficient (r) Know how to interpret a Pearson correlation coefficient (r) Know how restriction of range, non-linearity, outliers affect r Know how to write H0 and HA for testing the significance of a correlation Be able to write out an interpretation of a hypothesis test for an r SIMPLE LINEAR REGRESSION (CHAPTER 14 Ã¢â¬â MUNRO E-BOOK) What is simple linear regression? Know what is meant by Ã¢â¬Å"least-squares regression lineÃ¢â¬ What do the points along a least-squares regression line represent? What is an error (residual) in regression? Know the equation for the least-squares regression line Know conceptually what the slope coefficient (b) represents Know conceptually what the intercept (a) represents Know how to find a predicted value for a particula r value of X Know what r2 is
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Food in Literature: A Book Review on Charlie and the Chocolate Factory 1.0 Introduction Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964) is a childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s novel by the famous author Roald Dahl. As the name of the novel suggests, chocolate is the food theme running through the plot of the novel. The purpose of this paper is to give a review of the book, with emphasis on the relevance of chocolate to the social environment and the story development. This paper will also include a technical and historical review of chocolate, and also address some of the more specific issues relating to chocolate in light of DahlÃ¢â¬â¢s novel. 2.0 Plot Summary Mr. Willy Wonka is the eccentric owner of the greatest chocolate factory in the world. Following aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦His inspiration can be traced back to as early as 1929, when he and his classmates occasionally tasted-tested chocolates for the gourmet chocolate company Cadbury. Dahl realised that companies like Cadbury had inventing rooms where experiments on creating new chocolates took place, and he imagined that they would be like a laboratories full of scientists with white coats concocting chocolates and candies. He dreamt of becoming an inventor and to create chocolates that would excite even Mr. Cadbury himself. As he wrote in his autobiography, Ã¢â¬Å"I have no doubt at all that, 35 years later Ã¢â¬ ¦ I remembered those little cardboard boxes and the newly invented chocolates inside them, and I began to write a book called Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.Ã¢â¬ Therefore, one can readily identify parallels in DahlÃ¢â¬â¢s novel to the real world, and i t is interesting to appreciate the relevance of the chocolate theme in the story development to the social context. How far does the abovementioned frenzy for chocolates in the story reflect reality? Although in the real world, it is unlikely that there would be a furious search for a golden ticket in order to visit a chocolate factory, it is fair to say that Ã¢â¬Ëthe chocolate craze has now escalated to a global scaleÃ¢â¬â¢. Today, the chocolate industry has grown to a worldwide industry exceeding $50 billion in retail sales worldwide, and continues to show healthy growth. In 2001 Americans consumed 3 billion pounds ofShow MoreRelatedKraft Group Id Gum Product Report - Marketing Report4900 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesHafizhah Executive Summary The purpose of this report was to evaluate the appropriateness of the recently launched iD gum brand for its targeted market, teenagers and young adults. Research for this report included reviews of several marketing literature from journals and books, study of relevant psychological issues for the product and its target market, and several statistical data related to the target market. 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That is, you are free to share, copy, distribute, store, and transmit all or any part of the work under the following conditions: (1) Attribution You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author, namely by citing his name, the book title, and the relevant page numbers (but not in any way that suggests that the book Logical ReasoningRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesOne Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps or all caps. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Robbins, Stephen P. Organizational behavior / Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. JudgeRead MoreCase Studies67624 Words Ã |Ã 271 Pagesinexperienced with the case method, you may need to alter your study habits. A lecture-oriented course may not require you to do intensive preparation for each class period. In such a course, you have the latitude to work through assigned readings and review lecture notes according to your own schedule. However, an assigned case requires significant and conscientious preparation before class. Without it, you will be unable to contribute meaningfully to in-class discussion. Therefore, careful reading and